EU BON conceives its work on the basis of the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles (see below), and in the EU BON Data sharing Agreement it is defined as “full and open exchange of data, metadata, and products shared within GEOSS, recognising relevant international instruments and national policies and legislation. All shared data, metadata and products shall be made available with minimum time delay and at minimum cost. Availability of all shared data, metadata and products free of charge or at no more than cost of reproduction shall be encouraged for research and education” .
Moreover, EU BON adheres to the principles of free and open exchange of data and knowledge, in accordance with the “Joint Declaration on Open Science for the 21st Century”, presented by the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities and the European Commission on 11th April, 2012 .
The vision of GEOSS is “to realize a future wherein decisions and actions for the benefit of humankind are informed via coordinated, comprehensive and sustained Earth observations and information”. Among other strategic goals these two are of particular interest for data sharing:
- address the need for timely, global and open data sharing across borders and disciplines, within the framework of national policies and international obligations, to maximise the value and benefit of Earth observation investments and
- implement interoperability amongst observational, modelling, data assimilation and prediction systems
To achieve its vision and strategic goals, GEOSS has adopted the 10-Year Implementation Plan which acknowledges the importance of data sharing. The Plan, endorsed by nearly 60 governments and the European Commission, highlights the following GEOSS Data Sharing Principles:
- full and open exchange of data, metadata and products shared within GEOSS, recognizing relevant international instruments and national policies and legislation;
- all shared data, metadata and products being made available with minimum time delay and at minimum cost;
- all shared data, metadata and products being provided free of charge or no more than the cost of reproduction will be encouraged for research and education.
- Open Access to scientific information
- MS231: Specifications of data sharing tools