Standards

The European Biodiversity portal is a open-access platform for sharing, integrating and analyzing biodiversity data. The various types of data we are dealing with are of very different structure and, most important, are currently at different levels of standardisation. As data are originating from many sources, adoption of standards is crucial to enable interoperability.
In the standards repository you will find an overview of existing standards and protocols. Search is possible on Acronym, Domain and full text search in description (body) field.

Under Domain we understand the object of application of the standard (e.g: data structure, query protocol).
Standard Format is the format of the document implementing the standard (e.g: XML, RDF, etc..).

Additional resources:

TDWG standards
GEOSS Standards registry
EU BON D2.1: Architectural design, review and guidelines for using standards


ABCD - Access to Biological Collections Data - Schema is a common data specification for biological collection units, including living and preserved specimens, along with field observations that did not produce voucher specimens. It is intended to support the exchange and integration of detailed primary collection and observation data.

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The BioCASE protocol is used for communication between the Provider Software (database wrapper) and a client application on the BioCASE network, a transnational network of biological collections of all kinds. It is based on the DiGIR protocol.

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The biological collection ontology includes consideration of the distinctions between individuals, organisms, voucher specimens, lots, and samples the relations between these entities, and processes governing the creation and use of "samples". Within scope as well are properties including collector, location, time, storage environment, containers, institution, and collection identifiers.

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BPEL is a widely accepted (OASIS) standard for handling workflows. In the context of OGC, workflows are produced through "service chaining", which can be performed in a number of ways, one of which is orchestration of a service chain including one or more Web Processing Services (WPS) using a BPEL engine. Modern scientific applications, such as scientific workflows, increasingly rely on services, such as job submission, data transfer or data portal services and messages. Such services are referred to as Grid services.

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CSDGM is a US Federal Metadata standard that "provides a common set of terminology and definitions for the documentation of digital geospatial data". The standard establishes the names of data elements and compound elements to be used to determine the fitness , the means of accessing and transfer of geospatial data.


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The standard broadens the application of the CSDGM so that it is more easily applied to data that are not explicitly geographic (laboratory results, field notes, specimen collections, research reports) but can be associated with a geographic location. The profile changes the conditionality and domains of CSDGM elements, requires the use of a specified taxonomical vocabulary, and adds elements.


Metadata Profile of CSDGM for Shoreline Data addresses variability in the definition and mapping of shorelines by providing a standardised set of terms and data elements required to support metadata for shoreline and coastal data sets. The profile also includes a glossary and bibliography.

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The Darwin Core is body of standards. It includes a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries.

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A Digital Object Identifier (DOI), i.e., a "digital identifier of an object" is a globally unique persistent identifier that can be resolved within the DOI system to obtain information about the object including descriptive metadata. The DOI system enables the construction of automated services and transactions.

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Ecological Metadata Language (EML) is a metadata specification for the ecology discipline based on prior work done by the Ecological Society of America and associated efforts. EML is implemented as a series of XML document types that can be used in a modular and extensible manner to document ecological data. Each EML module is designed to describe one logical part of the total metadata that should be included with any ecological data set.

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