Standards

The European Biodiversity portal is a open-access platform for sharing, integrating and analyzing biodiversity data. The various types of data we are dealing with are of very different structure and, most important, are currently at different levels of standardisation. As data are originating from many sources, adoption of standards is crucial to enable interoperability.
In the standards repository you will find an overview of existing standards and protocols. Search is possible on Acronym, Domain and full text search in description (body) field.

Under Domain we understand the object of application of the standard (e.g: data structure, query protocol).
Standard Format is the format of the document implementing the standard (e.g: XML, RDF, etc..).

Additional resources:

TDWG standards
GEOSS Standards registry
EU BON D2.1: Architectural design, review and guidelines for using standards


DiGIR is a query and transfer protocol for distributed data sources based on HTTP, XML and UDDI.

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An ontology of environmental features and habitats.

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GCDML is an XML schema implementing the minimum information about a genome (MIGS) and minimum information about a metagenome sequence (MIMS) specifications.

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An OGC standard, GML is an XML grammar and modeling language for geographic systems as well as an open interchange format for geographic transactions on the Internet. It covers not only conventional "vector" or discrete objects, but also coverages and sensor data. The ability to integrate all forms of geographic information is key to the utility of GML. Note: KML made popular by Google, complements GML. Whereas GML is a language to encode geographic content for any application (by describing objects and their properties), KML is a language for the visualization of geographic information tailored for Google Earth.

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LSIDs are a type of persistent, globally unique identifier for Life Sciences entities. The specification covers a standardized naming schema, a service assigning unique identifiers complying with such naming schema, and a resolution service that specifies how to retrieve information associated with such identifiers.

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MIENS is an extension to the minimum information about a genome/meta-genome sequence (MIGS/MIMS) specification of the Genomics Standard Consortium is a proposal for documenting the environmental parameters in the extraction.


NCD is a standard for facilitating the exchange of information on all kinds of collections of natural history material including specimens, original artwork, photographs, archives, published material.

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Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of Web resources (also referred to as compound digital objects). These include a collection of terms (vocabulary) for describing the objects and their inter-relationships.


OAI-PMH provides a "low-barrier" mechanism for interoperability across distributed metadata repositories. Data providers expose metadata and service providers, in turn, consume the metadata through a client application known as a harvester that issues OAI-PMH service requests over HTTP.

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OGC CSW specification defines "the interfaces, bindings, and a framework for defining application profiles required to publish and access digital catalogues of metadata for geospatial data, services, and related resource information.

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