This international standard "defines a conceptual schema for observations, and for features involved in sampling when making observations. These provide models for the exchange of information describing observation acts and their results, both within and between different scientific and technical communities.
The European Biodiversity portal is a open-access platform for sharing, integrating and analyzing biodiversity data. The various types of data we are dealing with are of very different structure and, most important, are currently at different levels of standardisation. As data are originating from many sources, adoption of standards is crucial to enable interoperability.
In the standards repository you will find an overview of existing standards and protocols. Search is possible on Acronym, Domain and full text search in description (body) field.
Under Domain we understand the object of application of the standard (e.g: data structure, query protocol).
Standard Format is the format of the document implementing the standard (e.g: XML, RDF, etc..).
OGC WCS "supports electronic retrieval of geospatial data as "coverages" – that is, digital geospatial information representing space-varying phenomena.
The DNA extension for ABCD, called ABCDDNA, is a product of the DNA Bank Network. ABCDDNA is a theme specific, XML Schema, created to facilitate storage and exchange of data related to DNA collection units, such as DNA extraction specifics, DNA quality parameters and data characterising products of downstream applications, along with the relation to the analysed voucher specimen. ABCDDNA offers only a rudimentary set of DNA-specific data sequences. Currently only BioCASe and ABCD can be used to provide data via the DNA Bank Network but work is underway to develop a Darwin Core Archive extension.
OGC WMS Implementation Specification provides three operations (GetCapabilities, GetMap, and GetFeatureInfo) in support of the creation and display of registered and superimposed map-like views of information that come simultaneously from multiple remote and heterogeneous sources.
OGC WFS Implementation Specification allows a client to retrieve and update geospatial data encoded in Geography Markup Language (GML) from multiple Web Feature Services. The specification defines interfaces for data access and manipulation operations on geographic features, using HTTP as the distributed computing platform.
ISP 19101 defines the framework for standardization in the field of geographic information and sets forth the basic principles by which this standardization takes place.
ISO standard for geographic information- spatial referencing by coordinates. Establishes a common requirement for describing coordinate reference systems (CRSs) including the datum giving the relation to the Earth and the coordinate system used.
This standard specifies an XML implementation for the OGC and ISO Observations and Measurements (O&M) conceptual model, including a schema for Sampling Features. This encoding is an essential dependency for the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Interface Standard. More specifically, this standard defines XML schemas for observations and for features involved in sampling when making observations. These provide document models for the exchange of information describing observation acts and their results, both within and between different scientific and technical communities.
ISO 19115:2003 defines the schema required for describing geographic information and services. It provides information about the identification, the extent, the quality, the spatial and temporal schema, spatial reference, and distribution of digital geographic data. It defines mandatory and conditional metadata sections, metadata entities, and metadata elements and is applicable to the cataloguing of data sets, clearinghouse activities, geographic data sets and more. Countries that are members of ISO are required to provide metadata in a profile of ISO 19115. The INSPIRE initiative in the European Union is recommending use of ISO 19115.
"ISO/TS 19139:2007 defines Geographic MetaData XML (GMD) encoding, an XML Schema implementation derived from ISO 19115." "ISO/TS 19139 is applicable to provide a common XML specification for describing, validating and exchanging geographic metadata. It is intended to promote interoperability, and exploit ISO 19115's advantages in a concrete implementation specification."