Standards

The European Biodiversity portal is a open-access platform for sharing, integrating and analyzing biodiversity data. The various types of data we are dealing with are of very different structure and, most important, are currently at different levels of standardisation. As data are originating from many sources, adoption of standards is crucial to enable interoperability.
In the standards repository you will find an overview of existing standards and protocols. Search is possible on Acronym, Domain and full text search in description (body) field.

Under Domain we understand the object of application of the standard (e.g: data structure, query protocol).
Standard Format is the format of the document implementing the standard (e.g: XML, RDF, etc..).

Additional resources:

TDWG standards
GEOSS Standards registry
EU BON D2.1: Architectural design, review and guidelines for using standards


Standard acronyms:

JATS is "an application of NISO Z39.96-2012, which defines a set of XML elements and attributes for tagging journal articles and describes three article models".

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JSON, based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language, is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is easy for humans to read and write and it is easy for machines to parse and generate. JSON is a text format that is completely language independent but uses conventions that are familiar to programmers of the C-family of languages, including C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, Python, and many others. These properties make JSON an ideal data-interchange language.

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JSONP or "JSON with padding" is a communication technique used in JavaScript programs running in web browsers to request data from a server in a different server or domain, something prohibited by typical web browsers because of an important security concept called "same origin policy" (SOP). Within the context of data-exchanges and interoperability issues, JSON-P technique supports cross database/domains queries that uses content from more than one source ("mashup" in a single web-page). SOP policy permits scripts running on pages originating from the same site to access and interact with each other’s objects in HTML, XHTML and XML documents with no specific restrictions, but prevents access to these objects on different sites. Same-origin policy also applies to XMLHttpRequst.

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MIGS is a Genomics Standard Consortium (GSC) standard that defines a core set of properties (referred to as a checklist) for genome sequences.

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MIMARKS is a Genomics Standard Consortium (GSC) standard that defines a core set of properties (referred to as a checklist) for marker gene sequences.

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MIMS is a Genomics Standard Consortium (GSC) standard that defines a core set of properties (referred to as a checklist) for metagenome sequences.

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MIxS is a Genomics Standard Consortium (GSC) standard that defines the set of properties for describing any sequence data. It does this by unifying its other standards (MIGS, MIMS, MIMARKS).

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NetCDF is a set of software libraries and self-describing, machine-independent data formats that support the creation, access, and sharing of array-oriented scientific data.


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The W3C Web Ontology Language (OWL) is an ontology language for the Semantic Web providing classes, properties, individuals and data values. OWL facilitates greater machine interpretability of Web content than that supported by XML, RDF, and RDF Schema by providing additional vocabulary along with a formal semantics. OWL has three increasingly-expressive sublanguages: OWL Lite, OWL DL, and OWL Full.


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POSIX "defines a standard operating system interface and environment, including a command interpreter (or "shell"), and common utility programs to support applications portability at the source code level". It was jointly developed by the IEEE and The Open Group.

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